What is Monoprinting?
Monoprinting is a one-off fine art printing technique that uses a sheet of glass or Perspex to transfer a unique design onto a sheet of paper. No two monoprints are alike, and the design created can only be used once (‘mono’ = single).
Monoprinting techniques can include combining artistic methods and multimedia such as painting and drawing with lithography, etching or woodcut. Monoprints are unique, spontaneous and expressive, allowing more scope for abstract compositions and more detailed prints than other types of printing.
This ‘monoprinting step by step’ guide provides clear instructions on how to monoprint and includes a nifty checklist of all the tools and materials you will need for the monoprinting process. You can also find some interesting information by reading some recommended printmaking books found here.
Read the list below to see the basics of the monoprinting process and what is contained in this monoprinting guide.
|1.||Creating and planning out your monoprint|
|2.||Prepare the work surface for printing|
|3.||Printing your chosen design|
|4.||Revealing your print|
|5.||Clean up all equipment and admire your work|
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The Monoprinting Process Step by Step
Step 1 - Designing Your Monoprint
Sketch your design on paper until you are happy with it. You can then either scan it to make a copy to preserve your original design or use the original for the print (note this will probably ruin the original design; the very nature of monoprinting is single use!).
Tips for designing a good monoprint:
- Keep your first design simple; you can experiment with more complex designs once you have mastered the technique
- Bear in mind that when you trace your design it will be reversed
Step 2 – Preparing Surface To Monoprint
It’s important to clean your sheet of glass/Perspex before applying any ink. Apply a small blob of ink to the sheet then roll it with a roller/wooden spoon until the ink achieves a velvety texture and makes a slightly sticky sound!
Tips to avoid making a mess:
- Make sure your inked area is same size or slightly smaller than your chosen piece of paper to be printed on, so you don’t end up with ink on your work surface!
- Once you have applied ink to your sheet of glass/Perspex with the roller you can smudge the ink using a rag or your own fingerprints to create patterns
- A ‘subtractive’ method can be applied where ink is removed from your inky palette before you transfer the print over; ink can be removed using items such as bubble wrap or cotton buds to create interesting textures
- ‘Masking’ creates a blank space in your print and can be achieved by putting another material in between your inked sheet and the paper, such as mesh or flowers
- You can also experiment with watercolour paints and wax crayons as well as the ink
- Why not stitch your print onto a cushion cover or lampshade
- If you created your monoprint on tissue paper, you could decoupage this onto furniture
Step 3 – How to Monoprint
Lay your desired paper on top of the inked area and rub the back very lightly so that it is in contact with ink and does not move. Lay your scanned design or original sketched design on top of the paper. Carefully draw over the lines of your design; this will transfer it onto the paper.
Tips for printing your monoprint:
- If you leave a little space around the edge of your paper you can tape the edges down, so it does not move
- Try not put heavy pressure on the paper with your hands as it could smudge the ink
Step 4 - Revealing Your Monoprint
Slowly and carefully peel back the printed paper to reveal your unique monoprint art! Keep your print away from an open window or any liquids that could be spilled and make sure you let the ink dry thoroughly. Now you know how to do monoprinting!
Step 5 - Clean Up
Hopefully you found the monoprinting process easy to follow and are proud of your very first monoprint art! Clean your cutting tools immediately after use to keep them in prime condition. If you have any queries about how to monoprint or need any troubleshooting help, please do contact me via the about page.
The origins of monoprint art are unknown, however, Dutch painter Hercules Seghers is one of the earliest artists known to use monoprinting techniques in the 17th century. He created landscapes by combining line work with coloured inks and dyed paper. French artist Edgar Degas was responsible for a resurgence in the popularity of the technique in the 19th century; his work used rags, plates and his own fingers! Famous Spanish artist Pablo Picasso was also known to dabble in monoprinting.